Robben Island was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1999. The Island has a colourful history being home to a number of famous prisoners as well as being used as a military base during the Second World War. The windswept Island, with its astounding legacy of confinement and brutality for those exiled there - and its paradoxical existence as a sanctuary for bird and animal life - is a place of mystery and amazement to the many who visit it. This museum is a place of learning of both historical and modern day South African stories about embracing a culture of human rights and respect for ethnic, cultural and religious diversity. In addition Robben Island is a true bird sanctuary and home to 132 bird species. You can also see 23 species of mammals and marine life around the island are varied and spectacular.